Emergency Preparedness

Emergency Operations Plan


Who Makes an Evacuation Decision?
Talbot County Emergency Management Agency will activate its Emergency Operations Center to provide guidance to municipalities such as Oxford.

The County makes the decision regarding regional evacuation and would recommend evacuation of Oxford. Town officials will then follow up. Oxford’s “Adverse Weather Emergency Operations Plan” is on file in the town office.

How will I be notified?
You will be notified by “Reverse 911” automated telephone calls, the radio, crawlers along the bottom of your television screen, and/or loudspeaker announcements by the public works dept employees and Fire Company members.

Where do I go?
We do not have a designated shelter in Oxford. Neither the fire house nor the community center are safe evacuation shelters. The only approved shelter in Talbot County is Easton High School.

How do I get there?
Transportation will be provided to Easton High School, most likely by school bus. Due to limited parking arrangements and expected road congestion you are requested not to take your private vehicle to the High School.

What about my pets?
Arrangements have been made for pet sheltering but you should get detailed information directly from the Talbot County Humane Society.

Any other sources of information?

What else?
If an evacuation is recommended, leave. Be safe.

Should you choose not to evacuate, you do so at your own peril. Because of the danger to them, rescue personnel will not be dispatched when sustained winds reach forty-miles-per-hour.


The current FEMA Flood Insurance Rate Map designation for your property can be unofficially located by address on the Interactive Talbot County Flood Risk Map located at this link: http://www.talbotcountymd.gov/index.php?page=gis-maps The Quick Search button will allow you to search by address. Contact the Oxford Floodplain Manager at 410-226-5122 or oxfordclerk@goeaston.net with any questions or for assistance.

National Flood Insurance Program Information Websites:


FEMA – www.ready.gov has excellent information for disasters: including the following hurricane preparation guide: https://www.fema.gov/media-library-data/1494007144395-b0e215ae1ba6ac1b556f084e190e5862/FEMA_2017_Hurricane_HTP_FINAL.pdf


Green Book for the Buffer:

Critical Area Buffer Resources Guide:

Critical Area Bay Smart:

Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping:

Critical Area Backyard Makeover:

Flood Insurance and Flood Preparedness

What is a Flood Zone?

A flood zone is an area designated on the Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) that is provided to the Town of Oxford by FEMA This map shows the chance properties have of being impacted by flooding during a major weather or flood event.

Development requirements for properties located in the designated Zones can be found in the Town’s Floodplain Ordinance, along with the Oxford Zoning Ordinance and the associated Building Codes.
What are the Flood Zones?

Flood zones as shown on the FIRM are areas that are scientifically determined using a Flood Insurance Study (FIS) to predict where water will go during a major flooding event. This designate area, Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). is often referred to as the 100-year flood, or more accurately the area with a one percent 1% or greater chance of flooding in any given year. The zones shown on the FIRM that are most likely to impact development in Oxford are:

  • Zone AE – Special Flood Hazard Area subjected to inundation by the 1 % annual chance flood.
  • Zone VE – Coastal High Hazard Area: An area of special flood hazard extending from offshore to the inland limit of a primary frontal dune along an open coast and any other area subject to high velocity wave action from storms.
  • LiMWA – Coastal A Zone: An area within a special flood hazard area, landward of a coastal high hazard area (V Zone) or landward of a shoreline without a mapped coastal high hazard area, in which the principal source(s) of flooding are astronomical tides and storm surges, and in which, during base flood conditions, the potential exists for breaking waves with heights greater than or equal to 1.5 feet. The inland limit of the Coastal A Zone is delineated on the FIRM as the Limit of Moderate Wave Action (LiMWA).

What Flood Zone requires flood insurance?

Normally flood insurance is required by lenders for properties located within any of the zones above. It is recommended that all property owners obtain flood insurance within the Town of Oxford as the risk of some type of flooding exist for everyone.

How do I find out what flood zone I am in?

You can look up your own property at the FEMA Map Service Center https://msc.fema.gov/portal or you can use the Talbot County Flood Mapping Tool at http://www.talbotcountymd.gov/index.php?page=gis-maps or you can contact the town office and we can map your property for you and also provide additional information regarding risk for your area.

Common Flooding Types and Definitions

Precipitation Flooding – Occurs when rain intensity exceeds capacity of our storm drain systems due volume in combination with high tide.

Storm Flooding – Is caused by storm surges resulting from events such as hurricanes and nor’easters and is directly related to land elevation and proximity to the shoreline. High tides magnify this storm damage.

Tidal Flooding – Is caused by tidal variations and is directly related to land elevation and proximity to the shoreline. Tidal flooding may occur on a regular basis due to normal moon cycles and is exacerbated by wind speeds and directions, sea level rise, and other types of flooding.

Flood Mitigation

Flood Mitigation involves cost-effective measures taken now to avoid the loss of life and reduce future damages to public facilities, homes, and other improved property. By implementing flood mitigation measures you may prevent future damage to your property resulting from flood and potentially lower your flood insurance premium.

  • Elevation of your residential home to a determined Flood Protection Elevation
  • Installation of proper type and quantity of Flood Vents for your structures
  • Drainage improvements on your property to reduce stormwater flooding impacts